Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few related varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Extra generally, pajamas might check with several garments, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving variations of style and materials.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The first pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British impact on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a style in Britain and also the Western world as sleeping apparel for guys till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It was adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an post of dishabille and of night time apparel, and it is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually More probable that we English took the habit similar to a very good numerous Many others with the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Utilized in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty a long time back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]
Traditional pajamas include a jacket-and-pants blend made of smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component commonly includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Many people prefer to sleep or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys are frequently bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (also known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed before the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
Up to date
Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are various variants in style including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, now and again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different elements. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Ordinarily worn More by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may be footed.
Whilst pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they have got from time to time bundled the latter as a top. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a type of quick gown best in excess of shorts or limited trousers.
Pajamas may possibly nowadays confer with Gals's blend daywear, particularly in the US wherever they grew to become well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.